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Diabetes in Pets
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Blood sugar guidelines

Blood sugar guidelinesdiscover kelowna actual estateEdit

  • Absolute numbers vary between pets, and with meter calibrations. The numbers below are as shown on a typical home glucometer while hometesting blood glucose, not necessarily the more accurate numbers a vet would see (though many vets use meters similar to those used in hometesting). For general guidelines only, the levels to watch are approximately:
mmol/L mg/dL(US)
<2.2 <40 Readings below this level are usually considered hypoglycemic when giving insulin, even if you see no symptoms of it. Treat immediately[1]
2.7-7.5 50-130 Non-diabetic range[2] (usually unsafe to aim for when on insulin, unless your control is very good). These numbers, when not giving insulin, are very good news.
3.2-4.4 57-79 This is an average non-diabetic cat''t aim for this range, but don''s healthy.
5 90 A commonly cited minimum safe value for the lowest target blood sugar of the day when insulin-controlled.
7.8 140 According to the American Association of Clinical Endocrinologists (AACE)[5], threshold above which organ and pancreatic dysfunction may begin in hospitalized humans[6] and the maximum target for post-meal blood glucose in humans.[7]
Commonly used target range for diabetics, for as much of the time as possible.
<10-15 <180-270 ""/wiki/Renal_threshold""Renal threshold"" (varies between individuals, see below), when excess glucose from the kidneys spills into the urine and roughly when the pet begins to show diabetic symptoms. See Hyperglycemia for long-term effects of high blood glucose.
14 250 Approximate maximum safe value for the highest blood sugar of the day, in dogs, who are more sensitive to high blood sugar. Dogs can go blind at this level. Cats should try to stay below this too. Check for ketones.
16.7 300 Approximate maximum safe value for the highest blood sugar of the day, in cats, to avoid neuropathy and complications. Some cats can go on long-term at this level or higher, but there will be side effects eventually. Check for ketones.
>20 >360 Check for ketones frequently, be sure you are giving insulin. Cats are much more resilient than dogs or humans at these high levels; nevertheless, the blood sugar should be lowered. The cat or dog can feel any of numerous ill effects both short and long-term, see hyperglycemia for details.

What''s blood glucose levels are, most can''t have ketones.

discover kelowna actual estateIn a diabetic, any urinary ketones above trace, or any increase in urinary ketone level, or trace urinary ketones plus some of the symptoms above, are cause to call an emergency vet immediately, at any hour of the day.

discover kelowna actual estateRenal thresholdEdit

discover kelowna actual estateThe renal threshold for glucose is defined as the blood glucose level where the kidneys begin excreting excess glucose into the urine. Certain side effects on the urinary tract begin at this level, and it''s no actual causal relationship. This number is a bit different for every animal, and various authorities have declared it to be at different standard levels. For example:

What''s glucometer. Home glucometers used on animals tend to read a bit lower in the below-100 ranges, (reasons not yet understood), and so will frequently show lower numbers (see chart above) that are not cause for alarm.

discover kelowna actual estateThe Feline Diabetes Message Board FAQ[22] lists 60-120mg/dL (3.3 - 6.7 mmol/L) as "" when not receiving insulin, and 60-150 (3.3-8.3) as "" when receiving insulin.

Diabetes being the "" disease it is, allows for many personal exceptions. A dog on the canine diabetes message board[23] who was tightly controlled developed hypoglycemia symptoms every time his blood sugar dropped to 85 or below. The solution was to slightly reduce his insulin which kept him at slightly higher bg levels.


Note that no single blood glucose reading is adequate to establish insulin dosage or recommended treatment. Blood glucose levels should be checked before each shot, but that alone is also not enough to determine if treatment is working. Please see curve and regulation and duration for more information on this tricky subject.

Further readingEdit

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discover kelowna actual estateReferences discover kelowna actual estateEdit

  1. ↑ Treating
  2. ↑ VIN: Determination of Rate Natural Blood Glucose in Persian Cats, say ""
  3. ↑ Feline Diabetes message board survey on non-diabetic cats''s Reference manual-Page 15-180mg/dl
  4. ↑ Merck Veterinary Manual
  5. ↑ discover kelowna actual estateIowa State
  6. ↑ Animal Emergency Center of Milwaukee
  7. ↑ New Hope Animal Hospital-Canine Diabetes Mellitus
  8. ↑ discover kelowna actual estateLong Beach Animal Hospital
  9. ↑ Feline Endocrinology-Diet & Regulation
  10. ↑ Feline Diabetes Message Board FAQ
  11. ↑ Canine Diabetes Message Board

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